Leukemia is cancer of the white blood cells. White blood cells also called leukocytes or WBCs fight infections and other diseases. In leukemia, the bone marrow spongy material inside the bones makes many white blood cells that aren't normal.
If you have been diagnosed with leukemia or myeloid malignancies — myelodysplastic syndrome MDS or myeloproliferative neoplasms MPN — your treatment options will depend on:. Roswell Park physicians who treat leukemia meet every week with members of the Transplant and Cellular Therapies team and our research scientists to review the case of every patient who might be a candidate for a bone marrow transplant or eligible to enroll in clinical trials of new therapies. Together they will discuss all the options to help create a treatment plan that will work best for you.
Leukemiaalso spelled leukaemiais a group of blood cancers that usually begin in the bone marrow and result in high numbers of abnormal blood cells. The exact cause of leukemia is unknown. Treatment may involve some combination of chemotherapyradiation therapytargeted therapyand bone marrow transplantin addition to supportive care and palliative care as needed.
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia ALL is a malignant disease characterized by the accumulation of lymphoblasts, and a poor prognosis for adults with ALL is closely associated with disease recurrence. Thus far, treatment approaches have been limited, particularly in patients who are unable to tolerate chemotherapy. In this study, we report an effective treatment for such patients.
In a bone marrow aspiration and biopsy, a doctor or nurse uses a thin needle to remove a small amount of liquid bone marrow, usually from a spot in the back of your hipbone pelvis. The second part of the procedure removes a small piece of bone tissue and the enclosed marrow. Doctors may find chronic leukemia in a routine blood test, before symptoms begin.
The main treatment used is chemotherapy. Treatment for each leukaemia is different, so this information is general. Your doctor will be able to tell you more about your treatment.
Skip to Content. You will also read general information on surviving the disease. Remember, survival rates depend on several factors. Use the menu to see other pages.
Adult acute myeloid leukemia AML is a cancer of the blood and bone marrow. This type of cancer usually gets worse quickly if it is not treated. It is the most common type of acute leukemia in adults.
The main treatment for acute lymphocytic leukemia ALL in adults is typically long-term chemotherapy chemo. In recent years, doctors have begun to use more intensive chemo regimens, which has led to more responses to treatment. But these regimens are also more likely to cause side effects, such as low white blood cell counts. Patients may need to take other drugs to help prevent or treat these side effects.